This critically endangered Hawaiian monk seal pup plays with a plastic buoy that washed ashore after likely being lost or discarded from a fishing boat. Any hoops, loops or ghost nets are hazards to these curious animals because of their potential for entanglement. ( Laysan Island )
 Thousand of endangered black-footed albatross chicks nested amidst marine debris on the northern end of the island. ( Laysan Island )
 Conglomerations of fishing nets, often called “ghost nets,” can catch on reefs and damage coral. They're also dangerous entanglement hazards to Hawaiian monk seals, green sea turtles, and seabirds such as this black-footed albatross chick.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 An adult Hawaiian monk seal sleeping partially inside of an unidentified piece of plastic marine debris.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Adult seabirds return to land with stomachs full of food for their chicks. Sometimes that meal includes marine debris that is mistaken for food, such as with this brown booby pair.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 A decomposed albatross chick displays the stomach full of plastic debris that significantly contributed to its early death.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Brown boobies perch on the rusting remains of a shipwrecked Japanese fishing boat.  ( Laysan Island )
 An endangered Laysan finch perched on marine debris with Japanese writing.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Marine debris comes in all shapes and sizes, including this fiberglass fishing boat that washed ashore on Southeast Island.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 A plastic toy soldier face down in the atoll’s coarse sand.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 A snowboarding boot that washed ashore thousands of miles away from any snow or mountain.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 The marine debris that washes ashore in Papahānaumokuākea includes bottles, buoys, fishing nets, shoes, light bulbs, refrigerator doors, car bumpers, and just about anything buoyant that ends up in the ocean.  ( Laysan Island )
 This weaned Hawaiian monk seal pup plays with a broken glass bottle under the Eastern Island pier as seen through a slat in its boards.  ( Midway Atoll )
 A juvenile Hawaiian monk seal sleeps near a massive marine debris buoy that washed ashore on Seal-Kittery Island.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 A car tire covered in gooseneck barnacles that grew during its time adrift at sea.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands began feeling the negative effects of humanity from visiting whaling ships in the 1800’s. The area was first protected by Theodore Roosevelt when he created the Hawaiian Islands Bird Reservation in 1909 to slow the over-harvesting of seabirds and their feathers. Over the next century, it received ever stronger levels of protection culuminating with a designation as Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument by George W. Bush in 2007.  A National Wildlife Refuge sign from the 1940’s is often perched on by red boobies and other seabirds.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Hawaiian monk seals enjoy resting against something while they sleep, such as this tangled mess of marine debris line. ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Ghost nets damage coral by drifting and catching on reefs. They also become dangerous entanglement hazards to local wildlife.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Black-footed albatross nests are just simple depressions scraped in the sand.  This chick’s nest sits amid a variety of marine debris.  ( Laysan Island )
 A hard hat with gooseneck barnacles likely lost overboard from a ship in the Japanese fishing industry.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 One of hundreds of shoes that have washed ashore in Papahānaumokuākea.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 An accumulation of marine debris pushed by strong winter storms into the interior of Southeast Island.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 A white tern resting on a styrofoam buoy.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
 Just above high-tide line where a variety of marine debris has collected.  ( Pearl and Hermes Atoll )
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